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Source: Matthew Daly, Associated Press Writer

WASHINGTON – The Environmental Protection Agency for the first time has declared a public health emergency in a contaminated community, targeting a Montana town Wednesday for immediate federal attention.

The declaration by EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson involving Libby, Mont., will not result in an evacuation, but will require an extensive cleanup and better health protections for residents with asbestos-related illnesses.The EPA will invest at least $125 million over the next five years in the ongoing clean up.

Jackson called Libby a “tragic public health situation” that has not received the recognition it deserves from the federal government for far too long.

Asbestos contamination form a now-closed vermiculite mine near Libby has been cited int he deaths of more than 200 people and illnesses of thousands more.

Jackson said the public health emergency declaration was the first time the EPA has made such a determination under authority of the 1980 superfund law that requires the cleanup of contaminated sites.

Investigations performed by the federal Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry have found that occurrences of asbestosis, a lung condition, near Libby are staggeringly higher than the national average for the period from 1979 to 1998, Jackson said. EPA is working with the Dept of Health and Human Services, which is making available a $6million grant to provide asbestos-related medical care to Libby and residents of Troy, another Montana town.

“Based on a rigorous re-evaluation of the situation on the ground, we will continue to move aggressively on the cleanup efforts and protect the health of the people,” Jackson said. “We’re here to help create a long and prosperous future for this town.

” Sen. Max Baucus, D-Mont., called the emergency declaration a great day for Libby, which he said “had to wait year after year as the last administration failed to determine that a public health emergency exists.”

“Today is the day that after years of work we were able to succeed in getting this done,” Baucus said. “We will continue to push until Libby has a clean bill of health.” Sen. Jon Tester, D-Mont., called the declaration long-overdue. “We still have a long way to do right by the folks in Libby. Working together with the Dept. of Health and Human Services and the EPA, we’re making very good progress,” Tester said.